PENGARUH PENERAPAN PENDEKATAN SAINTIFIK BERBASIS LINGKUNGAN TERHADAP KEMAMPUAN KOGNITIF MAHASISWA

Kiki Fatkhiyani

Abstract


This study was conducted to determine the effect of the applying scientific approach based on environment for improving the cognitive abilities of the basic concepts of biology at STKIP NU Indramayu PGSD 2017/2018 academic year. Environment in this research means the utilizing of Karangsong beach. The low level of understanding of the concept of students and the use of Karangsong beach as a learning resource have not been optimally the background of this research. The research method used was a pre-experiment design with the design of one group pretest-posttest design. In this design, the sample is given a pretest and then given treatment and at the end of the learning activity is given a posture. The data for applying the scientific approach was taken by distributing questionnaires. The next step is processing test data and application questionnaires to determine their influence on students' cognitive abilities. From the results of the study, there was a significant (significant) effect of the application of the scientific approach based on environment for improving cognitive abilities of students with a significance value of 0.034 <0.05. While the magnitude of the percentage effect of the scientific approach is only obtained 13.7%, this means that 86.3% is still influenced by other variables. Other variables that influence the results of this study are internal and external barriers experienced by students such as the lack of students' ability to observe and analyze data. While the external obstacle is the lack of integration of learning models that are in accordance with the scientific approachased on environment which results in the achievement of learning objectives that are not optimal. This means that the application of the scientific approach will be better if it is integrated with the appropriate learning model.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.30998/prokaluni.v2i0.34

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